4.  AIRPORT SERVICES

 

(A)   Date of Introduction: 10.09.2004 (Section 90 of the Finance (No.2) Act, 2004)

 

(B)    Definition and scope of service:

         “Taxable Service” means any service provided or to be provided to any person, by airports authority or any other person, in any airport  or a civil enclave;

 

           Provided that the provisions of Sec.65A shall not apply to any service when the      same is rendered wholly  within the airport or civil enclave.

              [Section 65 (105) (zzm) of Finance Act, 1994 as amended]

 

“Airport” has the meaning assigned to it in clause (b) of section 2 of the Airports Authority of India Act, 1994 (55 of 1994);

[Section 65(3c) of Finance Act, 1994 as amended]

 

“Airports Authority” means the Airports Authority of India constituted under section 3 of the Airports Authority of India Act, 1994 (55 of 1994) and also includes any person having the charge of management of an airport or a civil enclave;

[Section 65 (3d) of Finance Act, 1994 as amended]

 

“Civil Enclave” has the meaning assigned to it in clause (i) of section 2 of the Airports Authority of India Act, 1994 (55 of 1994);

 [Section 65 (24a) of Finance Act, 1994 as amended]

 

(C)       Rate of Tax & Accounting Code:

 

 

Rate of Tax

Accounting Code

Service Tax

10% of the value of services

00440258

Education Cess

2% of the service tax payable

00440298

Secondary and Higher Education cess

1% of the service tax payable.

00440426

Other –Penalty/interest

As levied or applicable

00440259

              

 (Rate of tax is effective from 24.02.2009.)

 

(D)        Classification of Taxable Services:

 

(1)  The classification of taxable services shall be determined according to the terms of the sub-clauses (105) of section 65;

 

(2)  When for any reason , a taxable service is prima facie, classifiable under two or more sub-clauses of clause (105) of section 65, classification shall be effected as follows :-

 

(a)  the sub-clause which provides the most specific description shall be preferred to sub-clauses providing a more general description;

(b) composite services consisting of a combination of different services which cannot be classified in the manner specified in clause (a), shall be classified as if they consisted of a service which gives them their essential character, in so far as this criterion is applicable;

(c) when a service cannot be classified in the manner specified in clause (a) or clause (b), it shall be classified under the sub-clause which occurs first among the sub-clauses which equally merits consideration.

    ( Sec.65A of Finance Act,1994)

 

(E)        Valuation of taxable services for charging Service tax

 

(1)  Service tax chargeable on any taxable service with reference to its value shall,—

(i) in a case where the provision of service is for a consideration in money, be the gross amount charged by the service provider for such service provided or to be provided by him;

(ii) in a case where the provision of service is for a consideration not wholly or partly consisting of money, be such amount in money, with the addition of service tax charged, is equivalent to the consideration;

(iii) in a case where the provision of service is for a consideration which is not ascertainable, be the amount as may be determined in the prescribed manner.

(2) Where the gross amount charged by a service provider, for the service provided or to be provided is inclusive of service tax payable, the value of such taxable service shall be such amount as, with the addition of tax payable, is equal to the gross amount charged.

(3) The gross amount charged for the taxable service shall include any amount received towards the taxable service before, during or after provision of such service.

(4) Subject to the provisions of sub-sections (1), (2) and (3), the value shall be determined in such manner as may be prescribed.

Explanation.—For the purposes of this section,—

(a) “consideration” includes any amount that is payable for the taxable services provided or to be provided;

(b) “money” includes any currency, cheque, promissory note, letter of credit, draft, pay order, travellers cheque, money order, postal remittance and other similar instruments but does not include currency that is held for its numismatic value;

(c) “gross amount charged” includes payment by cheque, credit card, deduction from account and any form of payment by issue of credit notes or debit notes and ‘book adjustment, and any amount credited or debited, as the case may be, to any account, whether called “Suspense account” or by any other name, in the books of account of a person liable to pay service tax, where the transaction of taxable service is with any associated enterprise.

    ( Sec.67 of Finance Act,1994)

 

 

Inclusion in or Exclusion from value of certain expenditure or cost:

    (1)      Where any expenditure or costs are incurred by the service provider in the course of providing taxable service, all such expenditure or costs shall be treated as consideration for the taxable service provided or to be provided and shall be included in the value for the purpose of charging service tax on the said service.

 

[Rule 5(1) of Service Tax (Determination of Value) Rules,2006)]

   (2)    The expenditure or costs incurred by the service provider as a pure agent of the recipient of service, shall be excluded from the  value of the taxable service if all the following conditions are satisfied, namely:-

(i)        the service provider acts as a pure agent of the recipient of service when he makes payment to third party for the goods or services procured;

(ii)       the recipient of service receives and uses the goods or services so procured by the service provider in his capacity as  pure agent of the recipient of service;

(iii)      the recipient of service is liable to make payment to the third party;

(iv)      the recipient of service authorizes the service provider to make payment on his behalf;

(v)       the recipient of service knows that the goods and services for which payment has been made by the  service provider shall be provided by the  third party;

(vi)      the payment made by the service provider on behalf of the recipient of service has been separately indicated in the invoice issued by the service provider to the recipient of service;

(vii)     the service provider recovers from the recipient of service only such amount as has been paid by him to the third party; and

(viii)        the goods or services procured by the service provider from the third party as a pure agent of the recipient of service are in addition to the services he provides on his own account.

                    [Rule 5(2) of Service Tax (Determination of Value) Rules,2006)]

 

 

(F)      Clarifications issued by the Board /Ministry :

 

            Airport services.Services provided in an airport or civil enclave, to any person by Airports Authority of India (AAI), a person authorized by it, or any other person having charge of management of an airport are taxable under this category.  This includes variety of services provided to airlines, as well as for cargo and passenger handling such as security, transit facilities, landing charges, terminal navigation charges, parking and housing charges and route navigation facility charges.  It would be on the gross amount chargeable by AAI or other such authorized person.  Thus, charges such as royalty, license fees etc. collected by AAI from other service providers at the airport such as ground handling, security, common user terminal services etc. are chargeable to service tax.  However, in case a part of airport/civil enclave premises is rented/leased out, the rental/lease charges would not be subsjected toservice tax, as the activity of letting out premises is not rendering a service.

 

(vide C.B.E.C. Circular No.80/10/2004ST dated 17/9/2004.)

 

Budget 2010-11 changes.Two services, namely ‘port services’ and the ‘airport services’ were introduced in Budgets 2001 and 2004 respectively.  Ther services provided by minor ports covered under ‘other ports’ became taxable from 2003.  The purpose behind creating these services was that since a number of activities are undertaken within the rpemises of ports and airports, it would be easier to consolidate all such services under one head.

            It was reported that divergent practives are being followed regarding classification of services being performed within prot/airport area.  In some places, all services performed in these areas [even those falling within the definition of other tax able services] are being classified under the port/airport services.  Elsewhere, individual services are classified according to their individual description on the grounds that the provisions Section 65A of Finance Act, 1994 prescribes adoption of a specific description over a general one.

            Further, both the definitions use the phrase ‘any person authorized by port/airport’.  In many ports/airports there is no procedure of specifically authorizing a service provider to undertake a particular activity.  While there may be restriction on entry into such areas and the authorities often issue entry-passes or identity cards, airport/port authorities seldom issue authority/permission letters to a service provider authorizing him to undertake a particular task.  Many taxpayers have claimed waiver of tax under these services on the ground that the prot/airport authority has not specifically authorized them to provide a particular service.

            In order to remove these difficulties, the definitions of the relvant taxable services are being amended to clarify that all services provided entirely within the prot/airport premises would fall under these services.  Further, specific authorization from the port/airport authority would now not ba a pre-condition for the levy.

(based on M.F(D.R) letter DOF No.334/1/2010-REU, dated 27/2/2010.)

 

(G)    Exemption & Exclusion:

1. Exemption to Small Scale Service Providers:

               In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 93 of the Finance Act, 1994 (32 of 1994) (hereinafter referred to as the said Finance Act), the Central Government, on being satisfied that it is necessary in the public interest so to do, hereby exempts taxable services of aggregate value not exceeding Ten lakh* rupees in any financial year from the whole of the service tax leviable thereon under section 66 of the said Finance Act:

Provided that nothing contained in this notification shall apply to,-

     (i) taxable services provided by a person under a brand name or trade name, whether registered or not, of another person; or

     (ii) such value of taxable services in respect of which service tax shall be paid by such person and in such manner as specified under sub-section (2) of section 68 of the said Finance Act read with Service Tax Rules,1994.

2. The exemption contained in this notification shall apply subject to the following

conditions, namely:-

   (i) the provider of taxable service has the option not to avail the exemption contained in this notification and pay service tax on the taxable services provided by him and such option, once exercised in a financial year, shall not be withdrawn during the remaining part of such financial year;

   (ii) the provider of taxable service shall not avail the CENVAT credit of service tax paid on any input services, under rule 3 or rule 13 of the CENVAT Credit Rules, 2004 (herein after referred to as the said rules), used for providing the said taxable service, for which exemption from payment of service tax under this notification is availed of;

   (iii) the provider of taxable service shall not avail the CENVAT credit under rule 3 of the said rules, on capital goods received in the premises of provider of such taxable service during the period in which the service provider avails exemption from payment of service tax under this notification;

   (iv) the provider of taxable service shall avail the CENVAT credit only on such inputs or input services received, on or after the date on which the service provider starts paying service tax, and used for the provision of taxable services for which service tax is payable;

   (v) the provider of taxable service who starts availing exemption under this notification shall be required to pay an amount equivalent to the CENVAT credit taken by him, if any, in respect of such inputs lying in stock or in process on the date on which the provider of taxable service starts availing exemption under this notification;

   (vi) the balance of CENVAT credit lying unutilised in the account of the taxable service provider after deducting the amount referred to in sub-paragraph (v), if any, shall not be utilised in terms of provision under sub-rule (4) of rule 3 of the said rules and shall lapse on the day such service provider starts availing the exemption under this notification;

   (vii) where a taxable service provider provides one or more taxable services from one or more premises, the exemption under this notification shall apply to the aggregate value of all such taxable services and from all such premises and not separately for each

premises or each services; and

   (viii) the aggregate value of taxable services rendered by a provider of taxable service from one or more premises, does not exceed rupees *ten lakhs in the preceding financial year.

 

3. For the purposes of determining aggregate value not exceeding ten*lakh rupees, to avail exemption under this notification, in relation to taxable service provided by a goods transport agency, the payment received towards the gross amount charged by such goods transport agency under section 67 for which the person liable for paying service tax is as specified under subsection (2) of section 68 of the said Finance Act read with Service Tax Rules, 1994, shall not be taken into account.

 

Explanation.- For the purposes of this notification,-

 

(A) “brand name” or “trade name” means a brand name or a trade name, whether registered or not, that is to say, a name or a mark, such as symbol, monogram, logo, label, signature, or invented word or writing which is used in relation to such specified services for the purpose of indicating, or so as to indicate a connection in the course of trade between such specified services and some person using such name or mark with or without any indication of the identity of that person;

(B) “aggregate value not exceeding *ten lakh rupees means the sum total of first consecutive payments received during a financial year towards the gross amount, as prescribed under section 67 of the said Finance Act, charged by the service provider towards taxable services till the aggregate amount of such payments is equal to ten lakh rupees but does not include payments received towards such gross amount which are exempt from whole of service tax leviable thereon under section 66 of the said Finance Act under any other notification.

4. This notification shall come into force on the 1st day of April, 2005.

 [Notification No. 6/2005-ST, dated 1-3-2005. *Amended by Notfn.No. 8/2008-ST dated 01.03.2008]

2.   Services to UN Agencies

Services provided to United Nations or an International  Organizations  are exempt.

[Notification No. 16/2002-ST, dated 2-8-2002]

3.   Export of service: Any service which is taxable under clause 105 of Section 65 may be exported without payment of service tax.

( Rule 4 of Export of Services Rules,2005)

4.   Exemption to services provided to a developer of SEZ or a unit of SEZ:

Exempts the taxable services specified in clause (105) of section 65 of the said Finance Act, which are provided in relation to the authorized operations in a Special Economic Zone, and received by a developer or units of a Special Economic Zone, whether or not the said taxable services are provided inside the Special Economic Zone,  from  the whole of the service tax leviable thereon under section 66 of the said Finance Act subject to certain conditions. ( Refer notification for details)

{ Notification No. 09/2009ST dated 03.03.2009 (Prior to 03.03.2009 Notfn.No4/2004-ST dated 31.03.2004)}

5.   Exemption to value of goods & material sold by service provider:  In exercise of the powers conferred by section 93 of the Finance Act, 1994 (32 of 1994), the Central Government, being satisfied that it is necessary in the public interest so to do, hereby exempts so much of the value of all the taxable services, as is equal to the value of goods and materials sold by the service provider to the recipient of service, from the service tax leviable thereon under section (66) of the said Act, subject to condition that there is documentary proof specifically indicating the value of the said goods and materials.

 (Notification No. 12/2003-ST dated 20.06.2003 effective from 01.07.2003)

6.  Exemption to taxable services provided by TBI and STEP:  All taxable services, provided by a Technology Business Incubator  (TBI) or a Science and Technology Entrepreneurship Park (STEP) recognized by the  National Science and technology  Entrepreneurship Development Board (NSTEDB) of the Department of Science and Technology, Govt. of India  from the whole of the service tax  leviable thereon subject tio certain conditions and procedures. ( Refer notification for details)

(Notification No.09/2007 ST dated 01.03.2007)

7.   Exemption to taxable services provided by entrepreneurs located within the premises of TBI or STEP:  All taxable services, provided by an entrepreneur located  within the premises of a Technology Business Incubator  (TBI) or a Science and Technology Entrepreneurship Park (STEP) recognized by the  National Science and technology  Entrepreneurship Development Board (NSTEDB) of the Department of Science and Technology, Govt. of India  from the whole of the service tax  leviable thereon subject  to certain conditions and procedures. ( Refer notification for details)

(Notification No.10/2007 ST dated 01.03.2007)

8.  Exemption to services provided to Foreign Diplomatic Missions or Consular Post in India:  All services provided by any person, for the official use of a Foreign Diplomatic Mission or Consular Post in India are exempted from service tax subject to certain conditions and procedures. (Refer notification for details)

(Notification No. 33/2007-ST dated 23.05.2007)

9.  Exemption to services provided for personal use of a family member of Diplomatic Agent or Career Consular Officers posted in Foreign Diplomatic Mission/Consular Post in India:   All services provided by any person, for personal use of family member of Diplomatic Agents or Career Consular officers posted in  a Foreign Diplomatic Mission or  Consular Post in India are exempted from service tax subject to certain conditions and procedures. (Refer notification for details)

(Notification No. 34/2007-ST dated 23.05.2007)

 

10. Exemption to certain services when wholly provided within airport: With effect from 01.07.2010, the following services have been exempted when provided wholly within the port or other port or airport, namely,-

 

(i)     taxable service provided  by a cargo handling agency in relation to, agricultural produce or goods intended to be stored in a cold storage;

(ii)    taxable service provided by storage or warehouse keeper in relation to storage and  warehousing of agricultural produce or any service provided for storage of or any service provided by a cold storage;

(iii)   taxable service in relation to transport of export goods in an aircraft by an aircraft operator;

(iv)  taxable service of site formation and clearance, excavation and earthmoving and demolition and such other similar activities.

        (Notification No.41/2010-ST dated 28.06.2010)

 

11. Exemption to commercial or industrial construction services when provided within the airport: The taxable service of commercial or industrial construction services referred to in sub-clause (zzq) of clause 105 of section 65 of the Finance Act, when provided wholly within the airport, from the whole of service tax leviable thereon under section 66 of the Finance Act. Effective from 01.07.2010 vide Notification No.42/2010-ST dated  28.06.2010.

 

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