10.  BANKING AND OTHER FINANCIAL SERVICES

 

 

(A)   Date of Introduction: 16.07.2001 ( Notification No. 4/2001-S.T. dated 09.07.2001)                                                    

(B)    Definition and scope of service:

“Taxable Service” means any service provided or to be provided to any person, by a banking company or a financial institution including a non-banking financial company or any other body corporate or commercial concern, in relation to banking and other financial services;

[Section 65 (105) (zm) of Finance Act, 1994 as amended]

 

"Authorised Dealer of Foreign Exchange" has the meaning assigned to "authorised person" in clause (c) of Section 2 of the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 (42 of 1999);

                                     [Section 65(8) of Finance Act, 1994 as amended]

"Banking" has the meanings assigned to it in clauses (b) of section 5 of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 (10 of 1949),

                                    [Section 65 (10) of Finance Act, 1994 as amended]

 

"Banking Company" shall have the meanings assigned to it in clauses (a) of    section 45 A of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 (2 of 1934);

                                   [Section 65 (11) of Finance Act, 1994 as amended]

“Banking and Other Financial Services” means —

 

(a)        the following services provided by a banking company or a financial institution including a non-banking financial company or any other body corporate or [commercial concern]*, namely :—

(i)         financial leasing services including equipment leasing and hire-purchase;

Explanation.—For the purposes of this item, “financial leasing” means a lease transaction where—

(i) contract for lease is entered into between parties for leasing of a specific   asset;

(ii) such contract is for use and occupation of the asset by the lessee;

(iii) the lease payment is calculated so as to cover the full cost of the asset together  with the interest  charges; and

(iv) the lessee is entitled to own, or has the option to own, the asset at the end of the lease period after  making the lease payment;

(ii)         Omitted

(iii)        merchant banking services;

(iv)        securities and foreign exchange (forex) broking, and purchase or sale of foreign currency, including money changing;

(v)        asset management including portfolio management, all forms of fund  management, pension fund management, custodial, depository and trust services ,   

(vi)        advisory and other auxiliary financial services including investment and portfolio research and advice, advice on mergers and acquisitions and advice on corporate restructuring and strategy;

(vii)       provision and transfer of information and data processing; and

(viii)      banker to an issue services; and

(ix)        other financial services, namely, lending, issue of pay order, demand draft, cheque, letter of credit and bill of exchange, transfer of money including telegraphic transfer, mail transfer and electronic transfer, providing bank guarantee, overdraft facility, bill discounting facility, safe deposit locker, safe vaults, operation of bank accounts;”;

(b)        foreign exchange broking and purchase or sale of foreign currency including money changing  provided by a foreign exchange broker or and authorised dealer in foreign exchange or an authorised money changer, other than those covered under sub-clause (a);

 

[Explanation. – For the purposes of this clause, it is hereby declared that “purchase or sale of foreign currency, including money changing” includes purchase or sale of foreign currency, whether or not the consideration for such purchase or sale, as the case may be, is specified separately;]

[Section 65 (12) of Finance Act, 1994 as amended]

"Body Corporate" has the meaning assigned to it in clause (7) of Section

  2 of the Companies Act, 1956 (1 of 1956);

 [Section 65 (14) of Finance Act, 1994 as amended]

"Financial Institution" has the meaning assigned to it in clause (c) of section 45-I of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 (2 of 1934);

[Section 65 (45) of Finance Act, 1994 as amended]

"Non-Banking Financial Company" has the meaning assigned to it in clause (f) of section 45-I of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 (2 of 1934);

 

 [Section 65 (74) of Finance Act, 1994 as amended]

(C)       Rate of Tax & Accounting Code:

 

Rate of Tax

Accounting Code

Service Tax

10% of the value of services

00440173

Education Cess

2% of the service tax payable

00440298

Secondary and Higher Education cess

1% of the service tax payable.

00440426

Other –Penalty/interest

As levied or applicable

00440174

                ( Rate of tax is effective from 24.02.2009.)

( D )  Classification of Taxable Services:

 

(1)  The classification of taxable services shall be determined according to  the terms of the sub-clauses (105) of section 65;

 

(2)    When for any reason , a taxable service is prima facie, classifiable under two  or more sub-clauses of clause (105) of section 65, classification shall be

        effected as follows :-

(a) the sub-clause which provides the most specific description shall be preferred to sub-clauses providing a more general description;

(b) composite services consisting of a combination of different services which cannot be classified in the manner specified in clause (a), shall be classified as if they consisted of a service which gives them their essential character, in so far as this criterion is applicable;

(c) when a service cannot be classified in the manner specified in clause (a) or clause (b), it shall be classified under the sub-clause which occurs first among the sub-clauses which equally merits consideration.

     ( Sec.65A of Finance Act,1994)

 

(E) Valuation of taxable services for charging Service tax

(1)  Service tax chargeable on any taxable service with reference to its value shall,—

(i) in a case where the provision of service is for a consideration in money, be the gross amount charged by the service provider for such service provided or to be provided by him;

(ii) in a case where the provision of service is for a consideration not wholly or partly consisting of money, be such amount in money, with the addition of service tax charged, is equivalent to the consideration;

(iii) in a case where the provision of service is for a consideration which is not ascertainable, be the amount as may be determined in the prescribed manner.

(2) Where the gross amount charged by a service provider, for the service provided or to be provided is inclusive of service tax payable, the value of such taxable service shall be such amount as, with the addition of tax payable, is equal to the gross amount charged.

(3) The gross amount charged for the taxable service shall include any amount received towards the taxable service before, during or after provision of such service.

(4) Subject to the provisions of sub-sections (1), (2) and (3), the value shall be determined in such manner as may be prescribed.

Explanation.—For the purposes of this section,—

(a) “consideration” includes any amount that is payable for the taxable services provided or to be provided;

(b) “money” includes any currency, cheque, promissory note, letter of credit, draft, pay order, travellers cheque, money order, postal remittance and other similar instruments but does not include currency that is held for its numismatic value;

(c) “gross amount charged” includes payment by cheque, credit card, deduction from account and any form of payment by issue of credit notes or debit notes and ‘book adjustment, and any amount credited or debited, as the case may be, to any account, whether called “Suspense account” or by any other name, in the books of account of a person liable to pay service tax, where the transaction of taxable service is with any associated enterprise.

    ( Sec.67 of Finance Act,1994)

 

 

Inclusion in or Exclusion from value of certain expenditure or cost:

    (1)      Where any expenditure or costs are incurred by the service provider in the course of providing taxable service, all such expenditure or costs shall be treated as consideration for the taxable service provided or to be provided and shall be included in the value for the purpose of charging service tax on the said service.

 

[Rule 5(1) of Service Tax (Determination of Value) Rules,2006)]

   (2)    The expenditure or costs incurred by the service provider as a pure agent of the recipient of service, shall be excluded from the  value of the taxable service if all the following conditions are satisfied, namely:-

(i)        the service provider acts as a pure agent of the recipient of service when he makes payment to third party for the goods or services procured;

(ii)       the recipient of service receives and uses the goods or services so procured by the service provider in his capacity as  pure agent of the recipient of service;

(iii)      the recipient of service is liable to make payment to the third party;

(iv)      the recipient of service authorizes the service provider to make payment on his behalf;

(v)       the recipient of service knows that the goods and services for which payment has been made by the  service provider shall be provided by the  third party;

(vi)      the payment made by the service provider on behalf of the recipient of service has been separately indicated in the invoice issued by the service provider to the recipient of service;

(vii)     the service provider recovers from the recipient of service only such amount as has been paid by him to the third party; and

(viii)        the goods or services procured by the service provider from the third party as a pure agent of the recipient of service are in addition to the services he provides on his own account.

                    [Rule 5(2) of Service Tax (Determination of Value) Rules,2006)]

 

 

(F)      Clarifications issued by the Board:

  The Board vide Circular No.96/7/2007-ST dated 23.08.2007 on these services has clarified the following issues-

034.03 / 23.08.07

Whether depository services and Electronic Access to Securities Information (EASI) services provided by Central Depository Services (India) Ltd., (CDSL) is liable to service tax under Banking and other Financial Services[section 65(105)(zm)]?

 

Definition of “Banking and other Financial Services” specifically includes “provision and transfer of information and data processing [section 65(12)(a)(vii)]”.   Services provided by CDSL falls within the scope of “provision and transfer of information and data processing”.   These services are not in the nature of “on-line information and data base access or retrieval services”.  Therefore, the depository services provided by CDSL including Electronic Access to Securities Information (EASI) for a fee are liable to service tax under Banking and other Financial Services. [section 65(105)(zm)]

 

034.04 / 23.8.07

Services provided by banking company or a financial institution including a non-banking financial company or any other body corporate or commercial concern in relation to asset management including portfolio management, and all forms of fund management, is leviable to service tax under “banking and other financial services” [section 65(105)(zm) and section 65(12)]. The said taxable service also includes cash management services provided.

 

Services are provided in relation to chit funds. Chit Funds are of two types, namely:-

(a) Simple Chit Funds: In this case, members agree to contribute to the fund a certain amount at regular interval. Lots are drawn periodically and the member, whose name appears, gets the periodical collection. No separate amount is charged from the members.

 

(b) Business Chit Funds: In this case, there is a promoter known as foreman who draws up the terms and conditions of the scheme and enrolls subscribers. Every subscriber has to pay his subscription in regular installments. The foreman charges a separate amount for the services provided. Some States prescribe a ceiling limit for the amount to be charged by such promoter for the services provided. Commission amount is retained by the promoter as consideration for providing the services in relation to chit fund.

 

Whether services provided in relation to chit fund is leviable to service tax under “banking and other financial services” or not?

 

Reserve Bank of India has clarified that the business of a chit fund is to mobilize cash from the subscribers and effectively cause movement of such cash to keep it working and, therefore, the activity of chit funds is in the nature of cash management.

 

(a) In the case of Simple Chit Funds, no consideration is paid or received for the services provided and, therefore, the question of levy of service tax does not arise.

 

(b) In the case of Business Chit Funds, cash management service is provided for a consideration and, therefore, leviable to service tax  under “banking and other financial services”.

 

034.01 / 23.8.07

Moneychangers are persons authorized under section 7 of Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1973 to deal in foreign currency.  Explanation given under Section 7 of the said Act states that ‘dealing’ means purchasing foreign currency in the form of notes, coins or traveller’s cheques or selling foreign currency in the form of notes, coins or traveller’s cheques.

 

Whether services provided by a money changer in relation to dealing of foreign currency (buying or selling), at specified rates, without separately charging any amount as commission for such dealing, is liable to service tax as foreign exchange broking under ‘banking and other financial services’ [section 65(105) (zm)]?

 

Moneychangers are authorized by RBI to buy and sell foreign exchange at the prevalent market rates. Buying or selling of foreign exchange by such persons without separately charging any amount as commission or brokerage does not fall within the scope of foreign exchange broking and is not liable to service tax under section 65(105)(zm).

 

034.02 / 23.8.07

‘Asset management and all other forms of fund management’ are liable to service tax under ‘banking and other financial service’ [section 65(12)].

 

Whether the amount charged as ‘entry and exit load’ from the investor by a mutual fund is liable to service tax as asset / fund management services under banking and other financial services [section 65(105)(zm)]?

 

Entry load and exit load charged by a mutual fund are not for the purpose of management of assets. Thus, amount charged as “entry and exit load” are not to be treated as consideration received by an Asset Management Company for asset management and hence not liable to service tax under Banking and other Financial service [section 65(105)(zm)].

 

 

 (G)    Exemption & Exclusion:

1. Exemption to Small Scale Service Providers:

 

               In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (1) of section 93 of the Finance Act, 1994 (32 of 1994) (hereinafter referred to as the said Finance Act), the Central Government, on being satisfied that it is necessary in the public interest so to do, hereby exempts taxable services of aggregate value not exceeding Ten lakh rupees in any financial year from the whole of the service tax leviable thereon under section 66 of the said Finance Act:

Provided that nothing contained in this notification shall apply to,-

 

       (i) taxable services provided by a person under a brand name or trade name,  whether registered or not, of another person; or

      (ii) such value of taxable services in respect of which service tax shall be paid by such person and in such manner as specified under sub-section (2) of section 68 of the said Finance Act read with Service Tax Rules,1994.

 

2. The exemption contained in this notification shall apply subject to the following conditions, namely:-

 

   (i) the provider of taxable service has the option not to avail the exemption contained in this notification and pay service tax on the taxable services provided by him and such option, once exercised in a financial year, shall not be withdrawn during the remaining part of such financial year;

   (ii) the provider of taxable service shall not avail the CENVAT credit of service tax paid on any input services, under rule 3 or rule 13 of the CENVAT Credit Rules, 2004 (herein after referred to as the said rules), used for providing the said taxable service, for which exemption from payment of service tax under this notification is availed of;

   (iii) the provider of taxable service shall not avail the CENVAT credit under rule 3 of the said rules, on capital goods received in the premises of provider of such taxable service during the period in which the service provider avails exemption from payment of service tax under this notification;

   (iv) the provider of taxable service shall avail the CENVAT credit only on such inputs or input services received, on or after the date on which the service provider starts paying service tax, and used for the provision of taxable services for which service tax is payable;

   (v) the provider of taxable service who starts availing exemption under this notification shall be required to pay an amount equivalent to the CENVAT credit taken by him, if any, in respect of such inputs lying in stock or in process on the date on which the provider of taxable service starts availing exemption under this notification;

   (vi) the balance of CENVAT credit lying unutilised in the account of the taxable service provider after deducting the amount referred to in sub-paragraph (v), if any, shall not be utilised in terms of provision under sub-rule (4) of rule 3 of the said rules and shall lapse on the day such service provider starts availing the exemption under this notification;

   (vii) where a taxable service provider provides one or more taxable services from one or more premises, the exemption under this notification shall apply to the aggregate value of all such taxable services and from all such premises and not separately for each

premises or each services; and

   (viii) the aggregate value of taxable services rendered by a provider of taxable service from one or more premises, does not exceed rupees ten lakhs in the preceding financial year.

 

3. For the purposes of determining aggregate value not exceeding ten lakh rupees, to avail exemption under this notification, in relation to taxable service provided by a goods transport agency, the payment received towards the gross amount charged by such goods transport agency under section 67 for which the person liable for paying service tax is as specified under subsection (2) of section 68 of the said Finance Act read with Service Tax Rules, 1994, shall not be taken into account.

 

Explanation.- For the purposes of this notification,-

 

(A) “brand name” or “trade name” means a brand name or a trade name, whether registered or not, that is to say, a name or a mark, such as symbol, monogram, logo, label, signature, or invented word or writing which is used in relation to such specified services for the purpose of indicating, or so as to indicate a connection in the course of trade between such specified services and some person using such name or mark with or without any indication of the identity of that person;

(B) “aggregate value not exceeding ten lakh rupees means the sum total of first consecutive payments received during a financial year towards the gross amount, as prescribed under section 67 of the said Finance Act, charged by the service provider towards taxable services till the aggregate amount of such payments is equal to ten lakh rupees but does not include payments received towards such gross amount which are exempt from whole of service tax leviable thereon under section 66 of the said Finance Act under any other notification.

 

4. This notification shall come into force on the 1st day of April, 2005.

 [Notification No. 6/2005-ST, dated 1-3-2005. *Amended by Notfn.No. 8/2008-ST dated 01.03.2008]

2.   Services to UN Agencies

Services provided to United Nations or an International  Organizations  are exempt.

[Notification No. 16/2002-ST, dated 2-8-2002]

3.   Export of service: Any service which is taxable under clause 105 of Section 65 may be exported without payment of service tax.

( Rule 4 of Export of Services Rules,2005)

4.   Exemption to services provided to a developer of SEZ or a unit of SEZ:

Exempts the taxable services specified in clause (105) of section 65 of the said Finance Act, which are provided in relation to the authorized operations in a Special Economic Zone, and received by a developer or units of a Special Economic Zone, whether or not the said taxable services are provided inside the Special Economic Zone,  from  the whole of the service tax leviable thereon under section 66 of the said Finance Act subject to certain conditions. ( Refer notification for details)

{ Notification No. 09/2009ST dated 03.03.2009 (Prior to 03.03.2009 Notfn.No4/2004-ST dated 31.03.2004)}

5.   Exemption to value of goods & material sold by service provider:  In exercise of the powers conferred by section 93 of the Finance Act, 1994 (32 of 1994), the Central Government, being satisfied that it is necessary in the public interest so to do, hereby exempts so much of the value of all the taxable services, as is equal to the value of goods and materials sold by the service provider to the recipient of service, from the service tax leviable thereon under section (66) of the said Act, subject to condition that there is documentary proof specifically indicating the value of the said goods and materials.

 (Notification No. 12/2003-ST dated 20.06.2003 effective from 01.07.2003)

6.  Exemption to taxable services provided by TBI and STEP:  All taxable services, provided by a Technology Business Incubator  (TBI) or a Science and Technology Entrepreneurship Park (STEP) recognized by the  National Science and technology  Entrepreneurship Development Board (NSTEDB) of the Department of Science and Technology, Govt. of India  from the whole of the service tax  leviable thereon subject tio certain conditions and procedures. ( Refer notification for details)

(Notification No.09/2007 ST dated 01.03.2007)

7.   Exemption to taxable services provided by entrepreneurs located within the premises of TBI or STEP:  All taxable services, provided by an entrepreneur located  within the premises of a Technology Business Incubator  (TBI) or a Science and Technology Entrepreneurship Park (STEP) recognized by the  National Science and technology  Entrepreneurship Development Board (NSTEDB) of the Department of Science and Technology, Govt. of India  from the whole of the service tax  leviable thereon subject  to certain conditions and procedures. ( Refer notification for details)

(Notification No.10/2007 ST dated 01.03.2007)

8.  Exemption to services provided to Foreign Diplomatic Missions or Consular Post in India:  All services provided by any person, for the official use of a Foreign Diplomatic Mission or Consular Post in India are exempted from service tax subject to certain conditions and procedures. (Refer notification for details)

(Notification No. 33/2007-ST dated 23.05.2007)

9.  Exemption to services provided for personal use of a family member of Diplomatic Agent or Career Consular Officers posted in Foreign Diplomatic Mission/Consular Post in India:   All services provided by any person, for personal use of family member of Diplomatic Agents or Career Consular officers posted in  a Foreign Diplomatic Mission or  Consular Post in India are exempted from service tax subject to certain conditions and procedures. (Refer notification for details)

(Notification No. 34/2007-ST dated 23.05.2007)

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